History and Purpose

IN THE MIDDLE 1730s, a French Huguenot named Elisha Poinsett owned a tavern in Charleston, but his business was not doing well. Several friends agreed to help him an evening or two each week. Since charity was their reason for meeting, they decided to contribute two bits (sixteen pence) a week into a fund to help any of their members with a need.

The group’s reputation grew and they became known as the “two-bit society.” After Poinsett’s business no longer needed their help, they formalized their association with the idea that charity would be their reason for being and education would be their main charity. The Provincial General Assembly incorporated them as the French Society on May 1, 1751, and King George II confirmed it at the Court of St. James on December 20, 1752. Soon afterward, the name was changed to the South Carolina Society and began including non-French members.

They later purchased a block of land between George and Wentworth streets, cut a new street through it (the present Society Street), sold all the lots but one, and on that lot built a school for orphan boys. Toward the century’s close, the Society gave the school to the city of Charleston which eventually moved the school to Rutledge Avenue and renamed it the High School of Charleston.

The Society then built the South Carolina Society Hall at 72 Meeting Street as a school for female orphans and indigents, and as a meeting place. The first meeting was was held July 24, 1804. The first floor was used to school orphans and indigents, while the second floor was a ballroom for social purposes. In 1826 the first floor became a secondary school with both a Male Academy and Female Academy, both of which closed in 1841. Since then the hall has been used for dance school (“Cotillion”), weddings, bar and bat mitzvahs, and business meetings—as well as a motion picture location.